Here is an excellent informational write-up by Dave Meyers about
turbo removal and upgrade. These instructions and the "sweat
and tears" advice will be of great benefit should you need
to dissect your turbo for Upgrade/Overhaul/Replacement! --Doug
If you choose to change the stock configuration of your Elan,
you do so at your own risk! In short, if you damage your Elan or
endanger your life as a result of something you read here, it is
your responsibility. Please use common sense.
BlackHolePerformance IHI/T3 Hybrid Installation
Parts and Other Items Needed:
Hole Performance (BHP) modified IHI/T3 Hybrid turbo
- BHP installation kit
- Copper gasket sealant
- LocTite or other bonding agent for threaded parts
- Airbox to turbo intake modification (see section below)
- 2’ of ¾” coolant hose (gas line also works)
- Mobil 1 Engine Oil (or other synthetic), new filter, drain plug
- Penetrating oil (herein referred to as WD40)
- Rubber vacuum caps (various sizes)
- Sandwich bags, masking tape, and a permanent marker to label
and keep parts separate
- New exhaust manifold gasket
- New turbine/O2 manifold studs (4 of varying length)
- New turbo/exhaust manifold studs (5)
- BHP block off plate for EGR intake plenum opening
- BHP block off plate or BHP EGT bracket for exhaust manifold
- 2.5 -> 2.25” turbo reducer hose
- 2.5” turbo hump hose
- ~2’ of custom bent 2.5” diameter piping
- EGT gauge and probe
- Air/Fuel meter
Tools Needed (see text below for specific
- Open/Closed end wrenches
- Socket set with deep and standard sockets
- Universal joint for socket
- Socket extension
After disconnecting the battery, the first step is to raise the
whole front end. You will need to get underneath for quite a few
things. Also, since you’ll be spending a lot of time under
the hood, you might as well save your back a little strain and have
the project closer to you. Chock the rear wheels and set the parking
brake. I usually lift the car at the rear mounting point of the
lower wishbone and place a jack stand at the stock lifting point
behind the front wheel. Once the car is safely up you will want
to drain your coolant (see Doug’s
write-up) and it’s a good time to empty the engine
oil as well. Chances are most will have drained from the turbo
lines you will remove, but unless you are already using Mobil 1
or an equivalent, you will at least have to change engine oil. BHP
will warranty the turbo, but only if you are using synthetic oil.
Once things are empty and the containers are out of the way, place
a protective cover, towels, a sheet or something over the front
bumper of the car and into the engine compartment. You want to cover
any painted pieces to protect them from nicks/drips. You’ll
also find the flat portion of the car in between the headlights
makes for a great tool resting place. Once things are protected,
remove the following pieces in order:
- O2 sensor – (US cars) First unclip the electrical connection
to the left. This will allow the sensor to turn. Then either use
a special O2 socket or a large pair of pliers on the sensor itself.
Unless this has been previously removed, it will likely be very
stubborn. Use lots of WD40 and let it sit. You could also try
loosening it after the manifold is hot, but wear protective gloves
and be very careful.
- Air intake to turbo and lower intercooler (IC) pipe –
Use a screwdriver or 6mm socket to loosen the hose clamps and
remove the air intake first. This will allow you easier access
to the lower IC pipe. Cover the turbo and IC intakes with plastic
bags or rags and secure them with the stock hose clamps.
- Pressure line from the turbo to the boost solenoid valve (BSV)
– This connects at the same place as the wastegate actuator
line. Remove the clip holding this line to the turbo, cut the
zip ties holding the line to the lower IC pipe, and tuck the hose
somewhere out of the way
- (OPTIONAL) Remove the BSV and the vacuum switching valve (VSV)
that controls it. Note: The BSV is a type of electronic boost
control that allows for short periods of overboost (up to .92
bar) in the stock car. If you are replacing the turbo, it is likely
that you will be making this unit obsolete by controlling your
own boost via MBC or EBC and will tune to your own set boost level.
The BSV attaches to a bracket behind the airbox by (2) 12mm bolts.
Follow the other hose from the BSV to the VSV mounted to the right
side of the engine bay. It is a blue topped piece (there are two
of them mounted together). Remove first the bracket that holds
the units. Then unscrew the VSV and remount the remaining unit.
Follow the other vacuum line running from the VSV to the throttle
body. Remove this line and replace it with a cap.
- Downpipe – (3) 15mm bolts at the precat. (2) 12mm nuts
at the cat pipe flange. The only trick here is using a second
wrench/socket at the opposite end of the bolt at the cat pipe
flange. Otherwise the bolt running through the spring will just
- Heat shields for turbo and precat – These are held on
by a number of 10mm bolts, the turbo heat shield’s side-located
bolt being the toughest. This is where a long 10mm wrench comes
in handy. I ended up buying a 10mm wrench, cutting one end off,
and using a piece of ¾” conduit as an extension.
There is probably an easier way, but necessity was the mother
of an odd invention in my case. I accessed the bolt from under
the car while a friend held the wrench onto the bolt from above
with a long screwdriver. It’s a real treat as you have just
enough room to turn the bolt approximately 5 degrees at a time.
- Precat – First remove the (2) 12mm bolts holding the precat
to the bracket. May as well remove the bracket - (2) 12mm bolts
- also for more room. Then the (2) 12mm nuts and (4) 12mm bolts
that connect the precat to the O2 sensor. The universal joint
attachment for the socket is almost a necessity here. Careful,
it is heavy and could fall on your melon.
- Exhaust manifold heat shield – (2) 12mm bolts.
- (OPTIONAL) Send your manifold and turbo heat shields to Jet-Hot
to be coated.
- Coolant and oil lines to/from the turbo – 12 mm banjo
bolt on the top of the turbo for the metal oil feed and 14mm (?)
on the block. The supply hose also has a bracket held on by a
The coolant hoses attach on the top backside of the turbo by (2)
14mm bolt and to the solid coolant lines by clamps. Use pliers for
these. The oil return is rubber hose held by spring clips (which
you will grow to hate if you do much work in the engine compartment)
at each end. Cut approximately 10” of new coolant hose and
install between the coolant feed at the thermostat housing to the
return to the right and below the turbo compressor.
- Oil dipstick – Remove the bracket on the front of the
engine by the 10mm bolt. Then use an open end 19mm wrench to remove
the attachment at the engine block.
- Disconnect EGR pipe – (2) 12mm bolts at both right side
of manifold and at the right side of the intake plenum. (see picture
of turbo oil line bracket above) A 12mm bracket bolt in between
may need to be removed to fully disconnect the EGR from the manifold
- Black triangular piece mounted in front of the turbo –
(2) 17mm bolts. This is removed to allow the turbo assembly room
to come out.
- Remove the O2 manifold bracket.
- Loosen power steering pump bracket – I had to shift this
toward the front of the car to get the far-left manifold bolt
off. Remove the bolt toward the rear (firewall side) of the bracket
(12mm). It comes out from the left. The right side is a nut welded
to the black bracket. After you remove the bolt, move the bracket
up and forward as far as possible.
- Remove bolts on manifold studs – (9) 14mm
- Remove as many of the manifold studs as needed to allow “wiggle
room” to get the turbo out – The manifold, turbo,
and O2 housing all come out as one piece (and it’s HEAVY).
The manifold studs are a T-40 Torx. Try not to use anything else
like a ¼” standard (which is close) or you’ll
ruin the end and need a new stud like I did.
Once the turbo assembly (exhaust manifold/turbo/O2 housing)
is out, you can either separate the pieces or just give the
whole unit to Kyle. I would recommend doing the latter as he
can port the exhaust manifold and the O2 housing to allow for
better flow. Otherwise separate the turbo from the other pieces.
(4) 12mm nuts for the O2 housing and (5) 14mm nuts for the exhaust
Along with the BSV mentioned above, there are a number of parts
you can remove to save weight, “clean-up” the engine
bay, or possibly improve performance. I also removed:
- The hook used to lift the engine out – (2) 12mm bolts
- The coolant lines running to/from the throttle body –
You will need to install a piece of hose between the coolant feed
at the thermostat housing to the return just below that housing.
Remove the upper IC pipe for access to these parts. Cover the
throttle body opening with a plastic bag and secure it with the
- The EGR assembly – Not recommended if you have emissions
testing. You will need the BHP block off plates to cover the openings.
Basically the infamous “follow removal procedures in reverse”.
A number of notes, however:
- The BHP turbo comes with a stainless steel spacer between the
manifold and the turbo to keep the new compressor housing away
from the block. You do not reuse the stock gasket here. One person
has reported bolts loosening here since there is no lock nut,
washer, gasket, etc. I used copper gasket sealant on both sides
of the spacer to prevent exhaust leaks. I also used LocTite on
the studs and the nuts. Metal lock nuts may be OK, but lock washers
likely will not work because of the heat.
- The rubber line for the oil return from the turbo will need
to be shortened by ¾”. Do this and mount it to the
turbo *before* you install the turbo assembly.
- My BHP compressor housing came with a two-output connector to
attach lines for the wastegate actuator and what was the BSV.
I only used one lead and capped the other (since I removed the
BSV), but could have also bought a single-output fitting from
a hardware store, etc.
- Remove the wastegate actuator and its bracket on the compressor
housing before installing the turbo. Be careful not to lose the
c-clip that holds the actuator arm to the wastegate. The exhaust
manifold/turbo/O2 housing will not fit in without removing all
this. Once you have test fit everything and have mounted the manifold
to the block, reinstall the actuator assembly.
As for the intake piping, some modifications will have to be done.
The turbo input is now 2.25”, and the outlet is 2”.
The stock piping will not fit. As I write this, Kyle has apparently
developed a medication to the stock lower IC pipe as part of the
install kit. Another option is the old Isuzuperformance pipe. This
will fit with only some minor cutting to provide a different angle
at the turbo connection. Another possibility would be to buy (2)
2”, 90-degree turbo hose connectors and source some 2”
diameter pipe for in between.
For the inlet from the airbox, I had a piece of 2.5” exhaust
pipe bent to the stock angle. I used a piece of 2.5 -> 2.25”
turbo “reducer” hose to connect at the turbo end. At
the airbox, I first popped the plastic piece that leads into the
airbox out. I removed the 2-hose fitting that led to the oil separator
and the BSV, cut away most of the plastic mounting point…
…and sanded it flush with a Dremel, then cut a piece of black
2.5” turbo hose that came in the BHP kit so it would slide
over the hole in the airbox fitting. I made sure this piece allowed
enough room to connect another piece of turbo hose from this to
the new intake pipe. For this connection I used a piece of turbo
“hump hose” to allow some movement between the turbo
(flexible mount with the engine) and the airbox (solid mount to
the body). To still connect the oil separator breather, I made a
small hole in the airbox, ran a barbed fitting with a wide base
out from the inside, and connected the hose. This inlet is merely
a temporary solution as I plan on a proper cold air intake in the
If you have merely removed and replaced the stock turbo, or have
made another modification and retained the stock compressor housing,
none of the custom steps above are necessary.
Once you have everything installed, triple-check all your connections
and hoses. Replace the engine oil and coolant. Reconnect your battery
and start the car. Check all connections for leaks. If everything
looks OK, turn off the car, lower the front end, and go enjoy your
A word of caution: Even if you run stock boost, the BHP T3/IHI
hybrid will flow much more volume and therefore require more fuel.
When you decide to turn up the boost via MBC or EBC (and you will!),
at very least learn to datalog with ElanScan and have a good air/fuel
meter and EGT to monitor things. On stock injectors, this turbo
has the capability to seriously damage your engine. I am currently
running 550cc/min injectors and a 3-bar MAP sensor and have found
the limit of pump gas even with a very rich fuel mixture (10.5:1).
Be sure to tune in small steps. But that’s a whole other discussion…
If you run into anything I didn’t mention, let me know as
I’m going from memory and might be forgetting something. It’s
not real difficult (proof: I did it), just take your time, label
everything, and take lots of notes.
- write-up by David R. Meyers
A few warnings to those who follow:
- DON'T think that this is a solo project for anything less than
several LONG weekends.
- DON'T follow the Lotus service notes for turbo removal - the
order in which things seem to need to be done appears to be impossible
Interestingly my new turbo was also only warranted if I used fully
synthetic, and Mobil 1 15W/40 was specifically recommended (not
the 0W/40 stuff though).
After the first day of trying to follow the services notes (and,
like Dave, spending at least 3 hours just trying to undo the 3 heatshield
bolts - 1 of which stripped itself), the most expedient way of progressing
does seem to be (to me):
- 1. Disconnect all feeds to the turbo assembly. Label well. You
will need to get the metal coolant connectors completely disconnected
(at both ends)
- Disassemble the bottom half of the turbo exhaust including the
downpipe. You can do the job with downpipe in place but removing
that part gives a lot more wiggle room!
- Remove the exhaust manifold from the block
- Remove turbo assembly including manifold (note: VERY heavy
- much heavier than it looks!).
- Take that sucker apart. It should now be vaguely possible to
access some of the manifold bolts.
I took advice and although all of my gaskets looked sound I decided
to replace all 4 from the assembly (manifold, turbo, exhaust elbow,
downpipe) and a good number of the bolts/studs were past their best,
so I again replaced all bolts. These parts came to about ?80 from
various Lotus dealers (I used Bell & Colvill and SJS Sportscars).
Basically it's a long, difficult job for the amateur and at times
can be disheartening/frustrating as it can be difficult to know
what to do next, and the effort involved can seem extreme. Don't
know if the end result was worth it as I'm waiting for injectors
and Unichip before opening the thing up...also I have got the parts
for a complete suspension overhaul/upgrade waiting to go on and
I need to do this soon as my rear wishbones are in a bad way.
- Comments by Philbo